AAAS Presentation JUNE 15, 2015THE PENDULUM, THREE STANDARDS THAT MEASURED THE ANCIENT WORLD
and THE MYSTERY OF THE PARTHENON
ROLAND A. BOUCHER
11 Deerspring Irvine California 92604 firstname.lastname@example.org
We will show how a simple pendulum can be used to create a uniform, easily replicable system of measurement and how the Ancient Mesopotamians in the third millennium BCE developed standards of measurement which are entirely consistent with one based on the length of a pendulum with a 1 second beat.
Just as the metric system would establish similar length-based standards 5000 years later, the Sumerians used the length of this pendulum to create all their standards of length, distance, volume, and weight. It appears that the Egyptians improved on the accuracy of this concept by using the stars to time their pendulum. Later the Minoans on Crete would use the planet Venus when in opposition as their clock.
These three concepts spread throughout the Ancient world from Britain in the West to China and Japan in the East. Examples of the third can be found not only on Crete but in Okinawa Japan, and in medieval England where they are immortalized in the Magna Carta of 1215. The old saying “a pint a pound the world around” had been true for over 3000 years.
Finally we will show that the width of the Parthenon in Athens was designed to be 1/30 the perimeter of the Great Pyramid of Giza using the original Egyptian pendulum formula. The resulting Pendulum when transported from Memphis to Athens increased in length with the increase in gravity. The resulting width of the Parthenon was 1/3600 degree on the polar circumference of the earth within a five figure accuracy. This level of accuracy has confounded scholars for 150 years.
It was not dumbfounding. It was just dumb luck.
This Abstract and Oral Presentation to be made at the 96th Annual Meeting of the Pacific Division of the
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION for the ADVANCEMENT of SCIENCE,
San Francisco State University, San Francisco, California June 14 – 17, 2015
The following is a copy of the Oral Presentation made to the AAAS on June 15 2015